Characterization of a Bioflocculant (MBF-UFH) Produced by Bacillus sp. AEMREG7


GenØk scientist Arinze Okoli
GenØk scientist Arinze Okoli

Arinze Okoli has published a new paper linked to the SANCOOP project (open access).

A bioflocculant named MBF-UFH produced by a Bacillus species isolated from sediment samples of Algoa Bay of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa was characterized. The bacterial identification was through 16S rDNA sequencing; nucleotide sequences were deposited in GenBank as Bacillus sp. AEMREG7 with Accession Number KP659187. The production of the bioflocculant was observed to be closely associated with cell growth. The bioflocculant had the highest flocculating activity of 83.2% after 72 h of cultivation, and approximately 1.6 g of purified MBF-UFH was recovered from 1 L of fermentation broth. Its chemical analyses indicated that it is a glycoprotein composed of polysaccharide (76%) and protein (14%). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed that it consisted of hydroxyl, amide, carboxyl and methoxyl as the functional moieties. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the amorphous structure of MBF-UFH and flocculated kaolin clay particles. The maximum flocculating activity of 92.6% against kaolin clay suspension was achieved at 0.3 mg/mL over pH ranges of 3–11 with the peak flocculating rate at pH 8 in the presence of MgCl2. The bioflocculant retained high flocculating activity of 90% after heating at 100 °C for 1 h. MBF-UFH appears to have immense potential as an alternative to conventional chemical flocculants.

Keywords: Bacillus sp. AEMREG7; MBF-UFH; flocculating activity; glycoprotein; thermostable

Okaiyeto, K., Nwodo, U.U., Mabinya, L.V., Okoli, A.S. and Okoh, A.I. (2015). «Characterization of a Bioflocculant (MBF-UFH) Produced by Bacillus sp. AEMREG7«, Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 12986-13003; doi:10.3390/ijms160612986